Cordus, Valerius 1515-1544
Cordus visited many universities and traveled widely. He was an outstanding authority in languages, philosophy and methods of science. He died of malaria at the age of 29 after completing five books of his Historia Plantarum.
His herbal was important because it contained not only medicinal plants but also many foreign "woods," "barks," and fruits imported from other countries. The descriptions were more accurate than those of his contemporaries and were developed from observing living plants - mature and flowering. Fruits were often included. His presentation of inflorescences was the first really scientific treatment since Theophrastus. He also discovered some new plant species which he described systematically and lucidly.